I have often thought of it as one of the most barbarous customs in the world, considering us as a civilized and a Christian country, that we deny the advantages of learning to women. We reproach the sex every day with folly and impertinence; while I am confident, had they the advantages of education equal to us, they would be guilty of less than ourselves. One would wonder, indeed, how it should happen that women are conversible at all; since they are only beholden to natural parts, for all their knowledge.
Their youth is spent to teach them to stitch and sew or make baubles. And I would but ask any who slight the sex for their understanding, what is a man a gentleman, I mean good for, that is taught no more? I need not give instances, or examine the character of a gentleman, with a good estate, or a good family, and with tolerable parts; and examine what figure he makes for want of education.
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The soul is placed in the body like a rough diamond; and must be polished, or the luster of it will never appear. This is too evident to need any demonstration.
The Religion in Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe
But why then should women be denied the benefit of instruction? If knowledge and understanding had been useless additions to the sex, GOD Almighty would never have given them capacities; for he made nothing needless. Besides, I would ask such, What they can see in ignorance, that they should think it a necessary ornament to a woman? Does she plague us with her pride and impertinence?
Suggested Essay Topics
Why did we not let her learn, that she might have had more wit? The capacities of women are supposed to be greater, and their senses quicker than those of the men; and what they might be capable of being bred to, is plain from some instances of female wit, which this age is not without. Which upbraids us with Injustice, and looks as if we denied women the advantages of education, for fear they should vie with the men in their improvements. And in particular, Music and Dancing; which it would be cruelty to bar the sex of, because they are their darlings.
But besides this, they should be taught languages, as particularly French and Italian: and I would venture the injury of giving a woman more tongues than one. They should, as a particular study, be taught all the graces of speech , and all the necessary air of conversation ; which our common education is so defective in, that I need not expose it. They should be brought to read books, and especially history; and so to read as to make them understand the world, and be able to know and judge of things when they hear of them.
To such whose genius would lead them to it, I would deny no sort of learning; but the chief thing, in general, is to cultivate the understandings of the sex, that they may be capable of all sorts of conversation; that their parts and judgments being improved, they may be as profitable in their conversation as they are pleasant.
Women, in my observation, have little or no difference in them, but as they are or are not distinguished by education. Tempers, indeed, may in some degree influence them, but the main distinguishing part is their Breeding. The whole sex are generally quick and sharp. I believe, I may be allowed to say, generally so: for you rarely see them lumpish and heavy, when they are children; as boys will often be. If a woman be well bred, and taught the proper management of her natural wit, she proves generally very sensible and retentive. And, without partiality, a woman of sense and manners is the finest and most delicate part of God's Creation, the glory of Her Maker, and the great instance of His singular regard to man, His darling creature: to whom He gave the best gift either God could bestow or man receive.
A woman well bred and well taught, furnished with the additional accomplishments of knowledge and behavior, is a creature without comparison. Her society is the emblem of sublimer enjoyments, her person is angelic, and her conversation heavenly. Daniel received a very good education but could not graduate from Oxford or Cambridge without taking an oath of loyalty to the Church of England.
SparkNotes: Robinson Crusoe: Suggested Essay Topics
In Defoe published anonymously a tract entitled The Shortest Way with the Dissenters , which satirized religious intolerance by pretending to share the prejudices of the Anglican church against Nonconformists. Nobody was really amused and Defoe was arrested in May In Daniel Defoe died fundless in Moorgate, nearby London and left behind his wife and seven children.
In Robinson Crusoe is born in the city of York. On his first voyage Crusoe gets into a heavy storm and survives it only with plenty of fortune.
This dangerous occurrence has the effect that he started to think about changing his choice of occupation. But an adventuresome seaman offers Crusoe to join him on his voyage to Africa. The young tradesman accepts the offer and adjourns again at sea.
This time his ship is boarded by pirates and Robinson is carried off as a slave to Sale Western Africa. After two years he manages to flee but has promptly to fight with dangerous animals, before he is at last picked up by an Portuguese merchant ship. As a free man he enters the ship which gets him to Brazil.
The helpful Portuguese captain of the ship cares about the exhausted Crusoe.
In Brazil he secures himself financially by cultivating some rice plantations. As soon as the young farmer has enough money, he boards with the Portuguese captain a ship, which is supposed to go back to Africa. But on this journey fortune is not on the side of the both voyagers. They get into a bad thunderstorm and the ship is shattered on shore of an uninhabited island. The shipwrecked sailor is the only survivor and has to find his way on this island far away from civilsation.
For fear of wild cannibals and animals, from whom he had heard, he constructs himself in drudgery a lodge at the top of a rock.
Analysis Of Robinson Crusoe 's ' Robinson '
From the remains of the ship, which fortunately did not repel to the sea, Crusoe finds the most implements for his construction, some weapons and other tools. The former tradesman lives several years in this lodge and feeds upon goats which he kills with his lance. Of some crop seed Robinson plants a field and keeps diary about his sad condition. The fear of natives and that he could run out of supplies trouble him regularly. Moreover he has to survive a volcanic eruption and a heavy earthquake, followed by a bad exhausting disease. After these hard times, Crusoe starts to discover the island.
On his dicovery he takes some notes of remarkable animals which he has not seen before. More and more he enjoys his life far away from any civilization and thanks God for sending him on this island. He documents his finding oneself by composing a list of all positive and negative things which have occured to him.
However, after umpty years of lonesomeness Crusoe discovers some footprints, which do not belong to him. He finds out, that wild natives monthly come onto the island in order to execute captives. Once as he observed such a capitve on the run, he does not hesitate and helps him by killing all his persecutors with his musket.