The Learning Strategies for Paraphrasing and for Summarizing might prove helpful here. You might send your students to these pages. Discussing with students why plagiarism is wrong may be helpful also. Clarifying for them that plagiarism is a combination of stealing another's words and lying claiming implicitly that the words are the student's own should be mentioned at some point, but should not be the whole emphasis or you risk setting up a challenge for the rebels those who like to break the rules just for fun.
Many statements on plagiarism also remind students that such cheating shows contempt for the professor, other students, and the entire academic enterprise.
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Plagiarizers by their actions declare that they are not at the university to gain an education, but only to pretend to do so, and that they therefore intend to gain by fraud the credentials the degree of an educated person. Perhaps the most effective discussion will ask the students to think about who is really being cheated when someone plagiarizes. Copying papers or even parts of papers short circuits a number of learning experiences and opportunities for the development of skills: actually doing the work of the research paper rather than counterfeiting it gives the student not only knowledge of the subject and insights into the world of information and controversy, but improves research skills, thinking and analyzing, organizing, writing, planning and time management, and even meticulousness those picky citation styles actually help improve one's attention to detail.
All this is missed when the paper is faked, and it is these missed skills which will be of high value in the working world. A degree will help students get a first job, but performance--using the skills developed by doing just such assignments as research papers--will be required for promotion.
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Appropriate quoting and citing also evidences the student's respect for the creators of ideas and arguments--honoring thinkers and their intellectual property. Most college graduates will become knowledge workers themselves, earning at least part of their living creating information products.
They therefore have an interest in maintaining a respect for intellectual property and the proper attribution of ideas and words. Make the penalties clear.
If an institutional policy exists, quote it in your syllabus. If you have your own policy, specify the penalties involved. For example, "Cheating on a paper will result in an F on that paper with no possibility of a makeup. A second act of cheating will result in an F in the course regardless of the student's grade otherwise.
Even the penalties can be presented in a positive light. Penalties exist to reassure honest students that their efforts are respected and valued, so much so that those who would escape the work by fakery will be punished substantially. Note: There are always a few students who will be caught plagiarizing and then claim that no one cared or told them. When you point to the section in your syllabus, they will say, "I thought it was a generic syllabus so I didn't read it. Provide a list of specific topics and require students to choose one of them.
Change topics from term to term whenever possible. Unusual topics or topics with a narrow twist are good because there will be fewer papers already written on them. If you provide a substantial enough list of topics say two dozen , most students will find something that can interest them. You can also allow for a custom topic if the student comes to discuss it with you first.
Skip to content. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense: According to the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, to "plagiarize" means: to steal and pass off the ideas or words of another as one's own to use another's production without crediting the source to commit literary theft to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud.
But can words and ideas really be stolen? All of the following are considered plagiarism: turning in someone else's work as your own copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit failing to put a quotation in quotation marks giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not see our section on "fair use" rules Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided, however, by citing sources.
What about images, videos, and music? Copying media especially images from other websites to paste them into your own papers or websites.
Composing a piece of music that borrows heavily from another composition. Re-creating a visual work in the same medium. Re-mixing or altering copyrighted images, video or audio, even if done so in an original way. The cost varies according to the size of the record and format. Where an Online Index includes a copy service you will be presented with a tickbox option in the search results. This is for records not listed in the catalogue or in an online index but you have a specific reference. Photocopies ordered in the reading room may be collected from the reading room.
Alternatively we can post you the copies for a fee. The CD will be available for collection in the reading room, or posted on request. From time to time certified copies of documents may be required for rights and entitlements and legal purposes. We will certify copies on request.
There is no fee for this service. Kindly note that certification may add to the time taken to despatch the copies. A proportion of State archives are fragile and for this reason we may withhold access to the original archive until it has received attention from our Conservation staff.
Archives will be checked on a case by case basis as they are requested either in the Reading Room or for a copy order. Conservation treatments can take up to six months to be completed.